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PCOS is one of the most common causes of female infertility

8 months ago 192

Prevalence of PCOS


One of the most frequent endocrine illnesses in women of reproductive age is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). It is a prevalent cause of female infertility, affecting 6% to 12% of reproductive-age women in the United States. But there's a lot more to it than that. This chronic health problem lasts much beyond childbearing years. Women with PCOS are frequently insulin resistant; their bodies may produce insulin but not efficiently utilize it, increasing their risk of type 2 diabetes. They also have greater amounts of androgens (male hormones that females also have), which can cause ovulation to cease and irregular periods, acne, receding scalp hair, and excessive hair growth on the face and body. They also have greater amounts of androgens (male hormones that females also have), which can cause ovulation to cease and irregular periods, acne, receding scalp hair, and excessive hair growth on the face and body.


What Causes PCOS?


The precise causes are unknown at this time, however androgen levels that are greater than usual play a role. Excess weight and family history, both of which are linked to insulin resistance, can also play a role. Being overweight is connected with PCOS, however many normal-weight women have it, whereas many overweight women do not. Women who have a mother or sibling who has PCOS or type 2 diabetes are more likely to acquire PCOS.A woman's lifestyle can have a significant influence on insulin resistance, especially if she is overweight due to a poor diet and a lack of physical exercise. Insulin resistance is also inherited. Losing weight can typically help alleviate symptoms, regardless of what triggered the insulin resistance.


Do You Have PCOS?

Sometimes the signs are evident, and other times they are not. You may seek treatment from a dermatologist (skin doctor) for acne, hair growth, or darkening of the skin in body creases and folds such as the back of the neck (acanthosis nigricans), a gynecologist (doctor who treats medical conditions affecting women and female reproductive organs), and your family doctor for weight gain, not realizing that these symptoms are all part of PCOS. Some women will have only one symptom, while others will experience all of them. PCOS can affect women of any race or ethnicity.It's usual for women to discover they have PCOS when they have difficulty getting pregnant, although it commonly appears shortly after the first menstrual cycle, as early as age 11 or 12. It might also appear in your twenties or thirties.


Following are the three symptoms of PCOS

1. Irregular or no periods as a result of insufficient ovulation

2. Male hormone levels those are higher than normal, which may result in excess hair on the face and body, acne, or thinning scalp hair.

3. Several tiny cysts on the ovaries



Women with PCOS are more likely to have major health issues, especially if they are overweight:


•  Diabetes By the age of 40, more than half of women with PCOS have type 2 diabetes.


• Gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant), which endangers the pregnancy and the infant and can develop to type 2 diabetes later in life for both mother and child.


• Heart disease—women with PCOS are more likely to get it, and the risk increases with age.


• Hypertension, which can harm the heart, brain, and kidneys


•  High LDL ("bad") cholesterol and low HDL ("good") cholesterol—risk factors for heart disease


• Sleep apnea—a condition in which breathing stops during sleep, increasing the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes.


• Stroke (plaque) (cholesterol and white blood cells) Clogged blood arteries can generate blood clots, which can lead to a stroke.


DIETARY INCLUSIONS


Eucaloric diets enriched in MUFA or reduced in carbohydrate


FRUITS: Cherries, oranges, apples, peaches, kiwi, coconut, and strawberries


VEGETABLES: broccoli, green beans, sweet potatoes, spinach, peppers, and cauliflower.


ALMONDS, PEANUTS, FLAXSEED, SUNSHINE SEEDS, ALMOND OIL, OLIVE OIL, AND WHOLE GRAINS CAN ALSO BE ADDED TO THE DIET.


A healthy person needs a weight check, and if he or she is obese, he or she must first control their weight. The portion of the meal that is most significant determines how easy one may lose weight with PCOS.


•        Consume plenty of fiber.

•        consuming a sufficient amount of protein-rich diet

•        Make a platter for yourself.


A simple diet and fitness regimen can work wonders for PCOS. Walking, swimming, cycling, sun salutation, and Yoga asana are all enjoyable ways to accomplish this...!

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